Marietta was the first permanent settlement in the Northwest Territory .  A group of New England army veterans, led by Rufus Putnam, established the first permanent settlement north of the Ohio River at Marietta. The Indian mounds within the city attest to the fact that Marietta has been an important community for centuries. The city is located at the confluence of the Ohio and Muskingum Rivers. The original 47 pioneers of the Ohio Company arrived in Marietta from New England by flatboat on April 7, 1788. The only two major cities in Washington County are Belpre and Marietta.

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